The first step to process your logs is to select what logs goes to where. The logging operator uses Kubernetes labels, namespaces and other metadata to separate different log flows.

Available routing metadata keys:

Name Type Description Empty
namespaces []string List of matching namespaces All namespaces
labels map[string]string Key - Value pairs of labels All labels
hosts []string List of matching hosts All hosts
container_names []string List of matching containers (not Pods) All containers

Match statement 🔗︎

To select or exclude logs you can use the match statement. Match is a collection of select and exclude expressions. In both expression you can use the labels attribute to filter for pod’s labels. Moreover, in Cluster flow you can use namespaces as a selecting or excluding criteria.

If you specify more than one label in a select or exclude expression, the labels have a logical AND connection between them. For example, an exclude expression with two labels excludes messages that have both labels. If you want an OR connection between labels, list them in separate expressions. For example, to exclude messages that have one of two specified labels, create a separate exclude expression for each label.

The select and exclude statements are evaluated in order!

Flow:

  kind: Flow
  metadata:
    name: flow-sample
  spec:
    match:
      - exclude:
          labels:
            exclude-this: label
      - select:
          labels:
            app: nginx
            label/xxx: example

ClusterFlow:

  kind: ClusterFlow
  metadata:
    name: flow-sample
  spec:
    match:
      - exclude:
          labels:
            exclude-this: label
          namespaces:
            - developer
      - select:
          labels:
            app: nginx
            label/xxx: example
          namespaces:
            - production
            - beta

Examples 🔗︎

Example 0. Select all logs 🔗︎

To select all logs, our if you only want to exclude some logs but retain others you need an empty select statement.

apiVersion: logging.banzaicloud.io/v1beta1
kind: Flow
metadata:
  name: flow-all
  namespace: default
spec:
  localOutputRefs:
    - forward-output-sample
  match:
    - select: {}

Example 1. Select logs by label 🔗︎

Select logs with app: nginx labels from the namespace:

apiVersion: logging.banzaicloud.io/v1beta1
kind: Flow
metadata:
  name: flow-sample
  namespace: default
spec:
  localOutputRefs:
    - forward-output-sample
  match:
    - select:
        labels:
          app: nginx

Example 2. Exclude logs by label 🔗︎

Exclude logs with app: nginx labels from the namespace

apiVersion: logging.banzaicloud.io/v1beta1
kind: Flow
metadata:
  name: flow-sample
  namespace: default
spec:
  localOutputRefs:
    - forward-output-sample
  match:
    - exclude:
        labels:
          app: nginx

Example 3. Exclude and select logs by label 🔗︎

Exclude logs with env: dev labels but select app: nginx labels from the namespace

apiVersion: logging.banzaicloud.io/v1beta1
kind: Flow
metadata:
  name: flow-sample
  namespace: default
spec:
  localOutputRefs:
    - forward-output-sample
  match:
    - exclude:
        labels:
          env: dev
    - select:
        labels:
          app: nginx

Example 4. Exclude cluster logs by namespace 🔗︎

Exclude cluster logs from dev, sandbox namespaces and select app: nginx from all namespaces

apiVersion: logging.banzaicloud.io/v1beta1
kind: ClusterFlow
metadata:
  name: clusterflow-sample
spec:
  globalOutputRefs:
    - forward-output-sample
  match:
    - exclude:
        namespaces:
          - dev
          - sandbox
    - select:
        labels:
          app: nginx

Example 5. Exclude and select cluster logs by namespace 🔗︎

Exclude cluster logs from dev, sandbox namespaces and select app: nginx from all prod and infra namespaces

apiVersion: logging.banzaicloud.io/v1beta1
kind: ClusterFlow
metadata:
  name: clusterflow-sample
spec:
  globalOutputRefs:
    - forward-output-sample
  match:
    - exclude:
        namespaces:
          - dev
          - sandbox
    - select:
        labels:
          app: nginx
        namespaces:
          - prod
          - infra

Example 6. Multiple labels - AND 🔗︎

Exclude logs that have both the app: nginx and app.kubernetes.io/instance: nginx-demo labels

apiVersion: logging.banzaicloud.io/v1beta1
kind: Flow
metadata:
  name: flow-sample
  namespace: default
spec:
  localOutputRefs:
    - forward-output-sample
  match:
    - exclude:
        labels:
          app: nginx
          app.kubernetes.io/instance: nginx-demo

Example 6. Multiple labels - OR 🔗︎

Exclude logs that have either the app: nginx or the app.kubernetes.io/instance: nginx-demo labels

apiVersion: logging.banzaicloud.io/v1beta1
kind: Flow
metadata:
  name: flow-sample
  namespace: default
spec:
  localOutputRefs:
    - forward-output-sample
  match:
    - exclude:
        labels:
          app: nginx
    - exclude:
        labels:
          app.kubernetes.io/instance: nginx-demo