This document assumes you have a working Kubernetes cluster which has a:

  • Working install of Vault.
  • That you have a working knowledge of Kubernetes.
  • A working install of helm
  • A working knowledge of Kubernetes ingress
  • A valid external (www.example.com) SSL certificate, verified by your provider as a Kubernetes secret.

Background 🔗︎

The bank-vaults operator takes care of creating and maintaining internal cluster communications but if you wish to use your vault install outside of your Kubernetes cluster what is the best way to maintain a secure state. Creating a standard Ingress object will reverse proxy these requests to your vault instance but this is a hand off between the external SSL connection and the internal one and not acceptable for some circumstances and if you have to adhere to strict security standards.

Workflow 🔗︎

Here we will create a separate TCP listener for vault using a custom SSL certificate on an external domain of your choosing. We will then install a unique ingress-nginx controller allowing SSL pass through. SSL Pass through comes with a performance hit, so you would not use this on a production website or ingress-controller that has a lot of traffic.

Install 🔗︎

ingress-nginx 🔗︎

values.yaml

controller:
  electionID: vault-ingress-controller-leader
  ingressClass: nginx-vault
  extraArgs:
    enable-ssl-passthrough:
  publishService:
    enabled: true
  scope:
    enabled: true
  replicaCount: 2
  affinity:
    podAntiAffinity:
      requiredDuringSchedulingIgnoredDuringExecution:
      - labelSelector:
          matchExpressions:
          - key: release
            operator: In
            values: ["vault-ingress"]
        topologyKey: kubernetes.io/hostname

Install nginx-ingress via helm 🔗︎

helm install nginx-stable/nginx-ingress --name my-release -f vaules.yaml

Configuration 🔗︎

SSL Secret example: 🔗︎

apiVersion: v1
data:
  tls.crt: LS0tLS1......=
  tls.key: LS0tLS.......==
kind: Secret
metadata:
  labels:
    ssl: "true"
    tls: "true"
  name: wildcard.example.com
type: Opaque

CR Vault Config: 🔗︎

---
apiVersion: "vault.banzaicloud.com/v1alpha1"
kind: "Vault"
metadata:
  name: "vault"
  namespace: secrets
spec:
  size: 2
  image: vault:1.1.2
  bankVaultsImage: banzaicloud/bank-vaults:0.4.16

  # A YAML representation of a final vault config file.
  # See https://www.vaultproject.io/docs/configuration/ for more information.
  config:
    listener:
      - tcp:
          address: "0.0.0.0:8200"
          tls_cert_file: /vault/tls/server.crt
          tls_key_file: /vault/tls/server.key
      - tcp:
          address: "0.0.0.0:8300"
          tls_cert_file: /etc/ingress-tls/tls.crt
          tls_key_file: /etc/ingress-tls/tls.key
    api_addr: https://vault:8200
    cluster_addr: https://vault:8201
    ui: true

CR Service: 🔗︎

  # Specify the Service's type where the Vault Service is exposed
  serviceType: ClusterIP
  servicePorts:
    api-port: 8200
    cluster-port: 8201
    ext-api-port: 8300
    ext-clu-port: 8301

Mount the secret into your vault pod 🔗︎

  volumes:
    - name: wildcard-ssl
      secret:
        defaultMode: 420
        secretName: wildcard.examlpe.com

  volumeMounts:
    - name: wildcard-ssl
      mountPath: /etc/ingress-tls

CR Ingress: 🔗︎

  # Request an Ingress controller with the default configuration
  ingress:
    annotations:
      kubernetes.io/ingress.allow-http: "false"
      kubernetes.io/ingress.class: "nginx-vault"
      nginx.ingress.kubernetes.io/force-ssl-redirect: "true"
      nginx.ingress.kubernetes.io/ssl-passthrough: "true"
      nginx.ingress.kubernetes.io/backend-protocol: "HTTPS"
      nginx.ingress.kubernetes.io/whitelist-source-range: "127.0.0.1"

    spec:
      rules:
        - host: vault.example.com
          http:
            paths:
              - path: /
                backend:
                  serviceName: vault
                  servicePort: 8300